3. Camp, tent, bivouac
Unlike in Scandinavian countries, there is no so-called "everyman's right" in Central Europe. Setting up a permanent “camp” (tent, tarp, hut) is only allowed in Germany and the Alpine region under very specific conditions. For an emergency bivouac, the rules are less strict – shelters or barbecue huts in the forest are suitable for this, for example. Map services such as Komoot or Open Street Map often show where these are located. Even those who set up their bivouac and sleeping bag on a mountain peak at sunset, and disappear again at first light, usually encounter few problems. However, wild overnight stays in protected areas such as national parks, nature reserves or FFH (Flora Fauna Habitat) areas should be just as taboo as on private property or near residential buildings. A good idea when looking for a campsite is often to ask a farmer if you can pitch your tent on his meadow in exchange for a bit of monetary compensation. The ever-growing number of camping sites also offers a more legal alternative. Bonus tip for bivouacking: don't cook and sleep in the same place.