Safety: From helmet standards to MIPS
In order to be allowed to put a bicycle helmet on the market at all, it must at the very least adhere to Euro standard (EN) 1078 or 1080. To meet this, helmet manufacturers test helmets by means of fall simulations from certain heights and onto different surfaces. If a helmet protects the head according to the standards set forth, it earns the CE mark. For Europe, all other standards outside of the CE mark are supplemental, not substitutes. What’s more, helmet manufacturers have come up with various designs and technologies in order to provide optimal protection for the cyclist's head beyond what's normally required. One system that has won over many bikers in recent years is the Swedish-developed MIPS system. The abbreviation stands for "Multi-directional Impact Protection System." In this manufacturing process, helmets receive an additional low-friction layer that floats between the outer shell and the padding. It can shift in the helmet shell upon impact, absorbing the rotational forces that occur during a fall and directing them away from the brain, thereby reducing concussions and/or brain damage. These days, many well-known manufacturers such as Giro, Bell and Specialized, use MIPS technology in some of their models.